Follow me on LinkedIn follow me on facebook tweet me
get in touch

Summary of Alternative Fuel Tax Credit Extensions the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (H.R. 1892)

February 12, 2018 by Clean Cities

On Friday, February 9, President Trump signed the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (H.R. 1892). Division D of the Act retroactively extends many tax credits.

There are several Bipartisan Budget Act provisions with implications for Clean Cities portfolio items:

  • Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit. Section 40404 extends the tax credit for alternative fuel infrastructure through December 31, 2017. Fueling equipment for natural gas, propane, liquefied hydrogen, electricity, E85, and biodiesel are eligible for a tax credit of 30%, up to $30,000. Residential fueling equipment may receive a tax credit up to $1,000.
  • Alternative Fuel Excise Tax Credit. Section 40415 extends the $0.50 per gallon tax credit for alternative fuels, including liquefied hydrogen, through December 31, 2017.
  • Alternative Fuel Mixture Excise Tax Credit. Section 40415 also extends the $0.50 per gallon tax credit for alternative fuel used to produce a mixture containing at least 0.1% gasoline, diesel, or kerosene through December 31, 2017. Alternative fuel blenders must be registered with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) will issue guidance for how to submit claims for this credit by March 11, 2018.
  • Biodiesel Income Tax Credit. Section 40407 extends the biodiesel income tax credit through December 31, 2017. A taxpayer that delivers unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle may be eligible for a $1.00 per gallon of biodiesel, agri-biodiesel, or renewable diesel tax credit.
  • Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit. Section 40407 also extends the $0.50 per gallon tax credit for biodiesel, agri-biodiesel, or renewable diesel used to produce a mixture containing at least 0.1% gasoline, diesel, or kerosene through December 31, 2017. Alternative fuel blenders must be registered with the IRS. Treasury will issue guidance for how to submit claims for this credit by March 11, 2018.
  • Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit. Section 40403 extends the $4,000 tax credit for the purchase of qualified light-duty fuel cell vehicles through December 31, 2017.
  • Qualified Two-Wheeled Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit. Section 40405 extends the two-wheeled plug-in electric drive motor vehicle tax credit through December 31, 2017. Qualified vehicles are eligible for a tax credit of 10% of the cost of the vehicle, up to $2,500.
  • Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit. Section 40406 extends the tax credit for second generation biofuel producers through December 31, 2017. Second generation biofuel producers registered with the IRS may be eligible for a $1.01 per gallon of biodiesel tax credit.
  • Second Generation Biofuel Production Property Depreciation Allowance. Section 40412 extends the 50% special depreciation allowance for second generation biofuel production plants through December 31, 2017.

The changes outlined above are effective immediately. To view the full text of the Bipartisan Budget Act, visit See the Alternative Fuels Data Center Federal Laws and Incentives page for descriptions of each incentive.

Fleets for the Future: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Procurement Best Practices

February 5, 2018 by Clean Cities

The Fleets for the Future team has put together four best practice guides to help fleets prepare to successfully deploy alternative fuel vehicles. These best practices build upon both the extensive information provided by the U.S. DOE and a number of recent successful case studies. The specific goal of these best practice guides is to educate procurement officers, fleet managers, and other interested stakeholders to plan for a large scale deployment of AFVs.

STAY TUNED: Fleets for the Future plans to highlight alternative fuel school buses and refuse haulers in early 2018. Contact us with any questions or information on your fleet needs!

  • Gaseous Fuel Vehicle Procurement Best Practices Guide
    This guide briefly summarizes the basic attributes and benefits of both gaseous-fuels and their respective vehicle technologies, then explores best applications and why, highlighting the relationship between upfront premiums, fuel use, and vehicle maintenance to total cost of ownership (TCO). The guide also provides information about fueling infrastructure options and offers planning guidance. Finally, it reviews steps that lead organizations will need to undertake to build a successful cooperative purchasing initiative.
  • Electric Vehicle Procurement Best Practices Guide
    This guide is meant to help fleets and regionally-based buying cooperatives in understanding the benefits of deploying electric vehicles (EVs), as well as EV-specific considerations involved in the procurement process. Topics below cover both battery electric vehicles (BEV), which run solely on electricity as well as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), which use batteries to power an electric motor and use another fuel, such as gasoline, diesel, or fuel cells, to power an internal combustion engine.
  • Guide to Financing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Procurement
    This document lays out the common strategies available for public and private fleets attempting to finance an investment in alternative fuel vehicles. While not all options are available to all fleets, the intent is to educate fleet managers on the best practices and challenges associated with implementation of each strategy.
  • Fleet Transition Planning for Alternative Fuel Vehicles
    This document presents general fuel-neutral guidelines on planning a coordinated bulk procurement of AFVs. It discusses stakeholder engagement efforts, goal setting, prioritization of vehicle procurements, and planning for implementation of a successful procurement.

Question of the Month: How can I compare the energy content of alternative fuels and gasoline or diesel? What implications does this have for overall fuel and vehicle comparisons?

April 26, 2017 by Clean Cities

Measuring Fuels: Understanding and Using Gasoline Gallon Equivalents
Alternative fuels have varying energy densities and are measured using a number of different units, which can make comparing them tricky. The gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) unit allows drivers to make apples-to-apples comparisons of a given quantity of energy from alternative fuels and assess which fuel best suits their needs. Understanding the energy content of fuels can help inform comparisons of fuel prices and vehicle driving range.

What is a GGE? How about a DGE?

A GGE is a standardized unit used to compare the energy content of all fuels. This unit quantifies the amount of alternative fuel that has the equivalent energy content of one gallon of conventional gasoline. For medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fuel applications, diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) is often used.

How are GGE and DGE values determined?

Energy content is measured in British thermal units (Btus) per gallon of fuel, and is often referred to as the lower heating value of the fuel. To calculate GGE and DGE, the energy content of one gallon of gasoline or diesel is divided by the energy content of the comparison fuel. For example, conventional gasoline has an energy content of 116,090 Btus per gallon, while propane has an energy content of 84,250 Btus per gallon. As such, 1.38 gallons of propane has the same amount of energy as one gallon of conventional gasoline.

The table below displays the energy content, GGE, and DGE values of conventional and alternative fuels.


Energy Content*

Quantity of Fuel in 1 GGE

Quantity of Fuel in 1 DGE

Gasoline 116,090 Btu/gallon 1.00 gallon 1.11 gallon
Low Sulfur Diesel 128,488 Btu/gallon 0.90 gallon 1.00 gallon
Biodiesel (B20) 126,700 Btu/gallon 0.92 gallon 1.01 gallon
Biodiesel (B100) 119,550 Btu/gallon 0.97 gallon 1.07 gallon
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) 923 Btu/cubic foot (ft3)
20,160 Btu/lb
125.77 ft3
5.76 lb
139.21 ft3
6.37 lb
Liquefied Natural Gas 21,240 Btu/lb 5.47 lb 6.05 lb
Ethanol (E100) 76,330 Btu/gallon 1.52 gallon 1.68 gallon
Ethanol (E85)** 88,258 Btu/gallon 1.32 gallon 1.46 gallon
Electricity*** 3,414 Btu/kilowatt hour (kWh) 34.00 kWh 37.64 kWh
Propane 84,250 Btu/gallon 1.38 gallon 1.53 gallon
Hydrogen 288.88 Btu/ft3
51,585 Btu/lb
401.86 ft3
2.25 lb
444.78 ft3
2.49 lb

* Lower heating value. Source for CNG and hydrogen (Btu/ft3): Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 35. Source for remaining values: Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Fuel Properties.

** E85 that is sold in the United States today actually contains, on average, approximately 70% ethanol. Therefore, E85 energy content calculated as [(.70) x (E100 energy content)] + [(.30) x (gasoline energy content)]

*** Electric vehicles are more efficient (on a Btu basis) than combustion engines, which should be taken into account when calculating and comparing miles per GGE (see below).

The values in the table above can help standardize fuel amounts for comparisons. For example, if you have 10,000 ft3 of CNG, you can determine the equivalent number of GGEs by dividing by 125.77 ft3 to get 79.5 GGE. Similarly, to determine the number of DGEs, you would divide by 139.21 ft3 to get 71.83 DGE.

How are GGE and DGE used to compare fuel prices?

Fuel prices can be represented in dollars per GGE or DGE for consistency in pricing between fuels. For that reason, the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report shows prices on an energy-equivalent basis (Table 3 in recent reports). If values for price per GGE or DGE are not available, you can do the calculation on your own. For instance, if one gallon of E85 is $2.04, you would multiply by 1.32 (see table above ) to find that this price equates to $2.69 per GGE after adjusting for energy content.

What are the factors that impact how far I can drive between fill ups?

The energy content of fuels is one factor that affects driving range. Filling up with a less energy-dense fuel often means that you will not be able to drive as far. However, tank size and vehicle efficiency also play a significant role.

Some alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) have similar tank sizes to conventional vehicles, while others have larger fuel tanks to compensate for the difference in energy content. For example, vehicles that run on propane and biodiesel typically have similarly sized fuel tanks as their conventional fuel counterparts. As you can see in the table above, both of these fuels have lower energy densities than their conventional fuel counterparts, which subsequently can result in lower fuel economy and shorter range per tank. In the case of propane, bi-fuel vehicles are available that can operate on both conventional fuel and propane for extended driving range. In addition, propane and biodiesel offer many other benefits that can offset this difference.

CNG and hydrogen vehicles, on the other hand, often have larger tanks to offset the lower energy densities associated with these fuels. Fleets and drivers purchasing a CNG vehicle may have the option to install an additional CNG storage tank onboard the vehicle. Alternatively, bi-fuel CNG vehicles are also available to extend the range. As for hydrogen, these vehicles tend to have larger fuel tanks overall.

Tank size is not the only other factor that affects range; vehicle efficiency also plays a role. For instance, all-electric vehicles (EVs) are significantly more efficient than conventional gasoline vehicles. According to, EVs use anywhere from 59% to 62% of the electricity from the grid to power the vehicle, while conventional gasoline vehicles can only convert 17% to 21% of the energy from gasoline to power the vehicle. This is one reason why EVs have such significant fuel economy advantages over conventional vehicles, even when you are comparing the fuels on an energy-equivalent basis.

For more information, contact:

Clean Cities Technical Response Service Team

New and Improved! AFLEET Tool 2016

May 31, 2016 by Clean Cities

What is the AFLEET Tool, how can I use it to make decisions about alternative fuels, and what are the recent improvements?

Argonne National Laboratory’s Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environment and Economic Transportation (AFLEET) Tool allows you to examine both the environmental and economic costs and benefits of alternative fuel and advanced vehicles. By entering data about your light- or heavy-duty vehicle(s), you can estimate petroleum use, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air pollutant emissions, and cost of ownership.

AFLEET uses data from Argonne’s Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) model to estimate life cycle (well-to-wheel) GHG and tailpipe air pollutant emissions. Users can either use the model’s default values or get even more accurate results by customizing the tool with their real life vehicle or fleet data. By using AFLEET’s simple input mechanism, users can answer questions such as:

  • What are the emissions savings of replacing a conventionally fueled fleet with alternative fuel vehicles?
  • What is the incremental cost, and potential return on investment, of buying a flexible fuel vehicle?
  • How many passenger vehicles will be “taken off the road” by using natural gas refuse trucks?

Fleets and others that have been using AFLEET since its original release in 2013 will be pleased to hear that AFLEET has been updated to reflect more recent emissions data. In addition, Argonne added new features to help users formulate a more complete picture of the costs and benefits of alternative fuels.

Updates include:

  • Fuel Prices: AFLEET uses public and private station pricing based on the 2015 average Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report data. In addition, fuel pricing is now state-based rather than based on a national average. Users may also input a range of fuel prices to determine effects on simple payback models.
  • Infrastructure Costs: The updated version of AFLEET features data on fueling station and electric vehicle supply equipment infrastructure construction, operation, and maintenance costs. Users may also calculate other infrastructure-related costs, such as public station out-of-route mileage and fueling labor costs.
  • Latest Vehicle and Emission Data: AFLEET uses the latest GREET 2015 air pollutant emissions data, which includes updated heavy-duty fuel economy and emissions data, data for fuel cell electric vehicles, and updated life cycle data for renewable natural gas. AFLEET has also been updated to use the most recent version of EPA’s MOVES data, 2014a.
  • Externality Costs: AFLEET output data now includes externality costs of national petroleum use and GHG emissions. Externality costs are the indirect damages associated with fuels that are not explicitly captured by the marketplace (e.g., property damages from increased flood risk as a result of climate change). Externality cost estimates will be useful in putting local vehicle and fleet decisions in a national perspective.

For information about and instructions for using AFLEET, refer to Argonne’s AFLEET User Guide.

In addition, check out the Alternative Fuels Data Center’s (AFDC) fuel-specific emissions pages for general information on the emissions impacts of the various alternative fuels:

For more information, contact:



Florida Power & Light Achieves Key Emissions Reductions with Biodiesel

May 12, 2016 by Clean Cities

“Powered by Biodiesel” decals adorn Florida Power & Light Company’s (FPL) diesel vehicles as they traverse Florida and beyond. The signage highlights the key role this advanced biofuel is playing in the company’s sustainability strategy.

“FPL operates one of the largest “green fleets” in the country, with approximately 1,840 biodiesel-powered vehicles and 570 electric and hybrid electric vehicles – allowing us to reduce emissions and pass on fuel savings to our customers,” said Patti Earley, FPL Fleet Fueling Operations Specialist and the newest member of the Biodiesel Ambassadors program supported by the National Biodiesel Board. “In 2015 alone, our fleet saved 684,000 gallons of petroleum fuel and prevented more than 6,600 tons of carbon dioxide emissions.”

FPL’s journey to revolutionize its fleet started in 2006 when it became the first energy company to place into service a medium-duty hybrid-electric bucket truck. Today the company’s fleet includes both electric and hybrid trucks that use up to 60 percent less fuel and reduce exhaust emissions up to 90 percent.

fpl_biodiesel“At FPL, we pride ourselves on being good stewards of the environment and have developed a comprehensive sustainability strategy,” she said. “Biodiesel is the perfect fit because it’s renewable, sustainable and cleaner burning – there is no downside,” she said.

Earley explained that FPL vehicles need reliable fuel because they are constantly put to the test by working in extremely challenging environments. FPL crews drive the trucks all over the Sunshine State, on-road and off-road, often traveling up to 300 miles a day in extreme heat. They also plow through swampy terrain in the Florida Everglades or bull across inaccessible roads to restore power.

“Our 1,840 biodiesel vehicles have accumulated more than 100 million miles using B20 without encountering any biodiesel-related issues,” said Earley. FPL’s vehicle evaluations have demonstrated no appreciable change in fuel economy, engine wear, or driver acceptance with biodiesel.

FPL purchases more than 500,000 gallons of B100 annually. While the company primarily powers its fleet with B20, it’s also used blends of up to B35. “Because biodiesel is a drop-in fuel, there is no infrastructure issues involved, making it very easy to use,” Earley added.

Biodiesel on the Road

When Superstorm Sandy devastated much of the East Coast in 2012, FPL crews headed north to help restore power. With fuel in short supply, FPL crews took transport trailers full of B20 on the road with them. They not only fueled their own vehicles with B20, but pumped it into a variety other utility vehicles that needed fuel.

“No one really knew the difference,” said Earley. “But we knew that we had fuel we could count on that also happens to be better for the environment.”

About FPL

FPL provides energy to more than 4.8 million customers in Florida, with its fleet of 3,800 vehicles covering 27,000 square miles of service territory. In 1999, the company began experimenting with B20 in diesel vehicles in two locations. Since then, the biodiesel program has achieved much success, surpassing expectations.

In 2010, Ford Motor Company asked FPL to participate in an unprecedented “extreme-duty” B20 testing program with 2011 Ford F-Series Super Duty® diesels. Positive results help spur the decision to make all 2011 Ford F-Series Super Duty® diesel pickups fully compatible with B20.

In 2008, FPL earned the National Biodiesel Board’s annual Eye on Biodiesel Award for its leadership as a biodiesel champion. FPL fields about a dozen calls a month from others interested in transitioning to biodiesel, and educates them about use of the fuel.


The National Biodiesel Board is funded in part by the United Soybean Board and state soybean board checkoff programs.

For more information about biodiesel visit

Central Florida Clean Cities October Re-Cap

October 29, 2015 by Clean Cities

Fireball-Run-2015_2October has flown by for us at Central Florida Clean Cities, and it’s time again to recap all of our alternative fuel activities we had fun with throughout the month.

On Friday, Oct. 2, we provided a display vehicle at the 2015 Fireball Run stop in Sanford, FL. We helped cheer on Team Sanford, co-partnered by Sanford Mayor Jeff Triplet and entrepreneur Don Schreiner, to the day’s finish line on downtown 1st street. A lineup of electric vehicles awaited the victorious drivers.


2015-Florida-TechXpo_1On Friday, Oct. 9, Central Florida Clean Cities representatives assisted in organizing the electric vehicle display at the 2015 Florida TechXpo in Melbourne, FL. We were able to reach out to many innovators, students, and event attendees about the alternative fuel vehicle choices available to them for reducing their carbon footprint and lowering vehicle air emissions all around. Thank you to Florida Solar Energy Center, Space Coast Electric Vehicle Drivers, NRG eVgo, and Melbourne BMW for allowing us to work with you at this successful and exciting event!


2015-Florida-Energy-Summit_1The 2015 Florida Energy Summit took place over Oct. 14-16 in Jacksonville, FL. The event dedicated itself to educating its attendees about the future of Florida energy options, particularly with upcoming natural gas vehicle and infrastructure solutions and alternative fuels overall.






2015-EV-Summit_1Finally, we were able to host the 2015 EV Transportation and Technology Summit at our Florida Solar Energy Campus in Cocoa, FL from Oct. 20-22. Attendees from across the region came to learn about the future of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) and how their expanding adoption effects city, road, and development planning as well as assists in advancing technology, economics, and the environment. An event highlight? How about Linda Bluestein, Co-Director for National Clean Cities, coming down south to give a talk on PEV Public and Policy Awareness! Trev Hall, Clean Cities Southeast Regional Manager, was also able to deliver a presentation. He elaborated on the US Department of Energy Vehicle Technology Office Resources, made available through the Alternative Fuels Data Center website. Overall, the event was a blast, and we learned so much! A full recap of the EV Summit will be made available shortly, so be on the lookout.

Although we’re done with October, we’ll also be participating in some upcoming events—check them out!

On Thursday, Nov. 5, Central Florida Clean Cities welcomes its newest sponsor and member, Protec Fuels, with a complimentary luncheon attended by Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer, Robert White of the Renewable Fuels Association, Bruce Chesson of NASA Transportation and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Programs, 100 Best Fleets’ Tom Johnson, David L. Dunn from City of Orlando Fleet and Facilities Management, and Protect Fuel’s Andrew Greenberg to discuss and celebrate the benefits of adding E85 Flex Fuel to your fleet. RSVP by October 30, 2015 with Amber Pearson at or 512-686-8532.

Finally, the Third Annual Emerald Coast Transportation Symposium will take place over Nov. 12-13 at the Sandestin Golf and Beach Resort in Miramar Beach, FL. Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition Coordinator Colleen Kettles will be speaking at the symposium in a panel event on renewable and alternative fuels. Learn more and register for the event at

Have a happy and safe Halloween, everyone. We look forward to reporting back again soon!

Protec Fuel/Central Florida Clean Cities Green Fleets Forum 2015

October 28, 2015 by Clean Cities

On October 28th Tom Vilsack, Secretary of the Department Agriculture will be in Kissimmee, Florida will announce the 100 million dollar Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership grant for E85 Flex Fuel Gasoline and higher ethanol blended gasoline.

This is the largest renewable fuels grant in history by the Department of Agriculture and includes public Fleet Managers that qualify for the program.

Click image to view larger

Click image to view larger

This grant and other sustainability topics will be on the agenda at a luncheon sponsored by Protec Fuels and hosted by the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition on Thursday, November 5, 2015, in Orlando (Click here to view event page). The program includes  speakers from the Renewable Fuels Association, NASA and the Florida Fleet Manager who was recognized in June at the White House by the President of The United States for his Public/ Private Partnership.

Think funding plus emerging green technologies that have a return on investment.

This Protec sponsored luncheon is reserved for the first 50 Public Fleet Managers that RSVP. These are one-time-only presentations by the best Fleet minds in Florida and your opportunity to network with them. We only learn from the best.

PLACE:     Orlando, Florida (directions provided with registration)

TIME:       November 5th 2015. 10:00 A.M. – 2:00 P.M.

This unique meeting is FREE to qualified Public Fleet Managers and sustainability officers.  Space is limited so reserve your seat now.

UCF’s FSEC to Establish Statewide Alternative Fuel Vehicle Training for First Responders

April 8, 2015 by Clean Cities

The University of Central Florida’s Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), host of the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition, was selected to establish an alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) training network for the state of Florida that adapts safety and technical training based on existing curricula for local needs. This project will establish training on electric drive, compressed natural gas (CNG) and propane vehicles for first responders, college instructors, tow-truck operators, and salvage/recycling operators.

The project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities program at $600,000 over a two-year period and starting later this month, will bring together Florida’s Clean Cities Coalitions and their stakeholders to increase the acceptance and deployment of AFVs.

The Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition, in partnership with CareerSource Brevard, has demonstrated both the need and demand for this type of training as they have supported classroom, online, and hands-on instruction for nearly 200 local public safety officers.

“Dealing with alternative fuel vehicles in an emergency situation is new to many first responders. Our training provides assurance that our public safety officers are prepared to deal with alternative fuel vehicles when responding to traffic incidents, protecting both the public and the officers from harm.” says Colleen Kettles, coordinator of the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition.

According to Battalion Chief and EMS Training Officer Greg Sutton of the Titusville Fire and Emergency Services Department, the first responder training “makes you realize how little you really know about [AFV] vehicles even though we in the fire service have a basic knowledge of them. The technology and mechanics involved are ever changing and I know our crews have a greater confidence in how they will approach these types of vehicles from now on.  Making a vehicle “safe” prior to operating in and around it is priority in our field when dealing with vehicle accidents, fires and other emergencies.”

Working with the National Alternative Fuel Training Consortium, the training will be offered statewide.

This project is one of 11 announced by the U.S. Department of Energy last month, aimed at improving potential AFV buyers’ experiences through on-the-road demonstrations of alternative fuel and plug-in electric vehicles, supporting safety-related training, and integrating alternative fuels into emergency planning.

About Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition
The Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition is a non-profit corporation administered by the University of Central Florida’s Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) at the Cocoa campus. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, the Coalition supports sustainable transportation practices, through efforts to advance deployment of alternative fuel technologies, mass transit projects, and fleet optimization measures. The Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition territory encompasses a ten-county area consisting of Brevard, Flagler, Indian River, Lake, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Seminole, St. Lucie and Volusia Counties. For more information about the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition, visit or contact Colleen Kettles at, 321-638-1004.

About FSEC
The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), a research institute of the University of Central Florida, is the largest and most active state-supported energy research institute in the nation. Current research activities include Advanced Energy Research: alternative transportation fuels, batteries, hydrogen and fuel cells; Buildings Research: energy-efficient buildings; and Solar Energy: solar water and pool heating, photovoltaic (solar electric) systems, testing, and certification. For more information about the center, visit or call the FSEC Public Affairs Office at 321-638-1015.

America’s Partnership University
The University of Central Florida, the nation’s second-largest university with nearly 60,000 students, has grown in size, quality, diversity and reputation in its first 50 years. Today, the university offers more than 200 degree programs at its main campus in Orlando and more than a dozen other locations. UCF is an economic engine attracting and supporting industries vital to the region’s future while providing students with real-world experiences that help them succeed after graduation. For more information, visit

Question of the Month: What were the trends related to state laws and incentives enacted in 2014?

March 3, 2015 by Clean Cities

Answer: In 2014, state legislatures and agencies developed a variety of incentives, laws, and regulations that support the use of alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and other strategies that align with Clean Cities’ mission to cut the amount of petroleum used in transportation. As compared to 2013, however, the number of newly adopted state laws and incentives decreased, possibly indicating the effectiveness of existing state programs and a maturing alternative fuels market. In addition, several states worked to fine-tune existing programs this past year, in an effort to find the best market penetration strategy.

The majority of state actions across all alternative fuel types in 2014 involved new tax-related incentives and fuel tax regulations. Specific alternative fuels displayed their own trends as well. Laws and incentives related to the following vehicle categories showed particularly notable trends:

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including both all-electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and the associated charging infrastructure were the most popular alternative fuel technologies that received attention in the form of new state laws and incentives in 2014. States worked to streamline many aspects of PEV ownership, including allowing direct purchase of PEVs from a manufacturer, modifying rebates and incentives for electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), and allowing EVSE at previously restricted locations, such as state facilities and leased properties. A few states initiated studies to determine how to assess PEV owners a supplemental fee in lieu of the gasoline tax they would no longer be paying. Utilities continued to provide new incentives in 2014, including electricity rate discounts for customers using EVSE.

Natural gas vehicles (NGVs) continued to draw significant consideration in 2014, particularly in those states following the national trend of basing a compressed natural gas (CNG) motor fuel tax on the favorable gasoline gallon equivalent conversion. The NGV market and consumers will also benefit from grants, weight exemptions, fuel-training programs, and fleet requirements enacted in the last year.

Clean car exhaustThe Alternative Fuels Data Center’s (AFDC) State Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Laws and Incentives: 2014 Year in Review provides a further synopsis of incentives and laws enacted in 2014 and is available at

In addition, the AFDC Laws & Incentives website provides a searchable database to identify and view relevant state laws and incentives by fuel type, as well as by variety of incentive or regulation. As legislative and gubernatorial actions occur, follow the AFDC website for updates at This database may be particularly useful in the states in which the 2014 elections changed control of the legislative or executive branches. In addition, as the 2014 tax filing deadline approaches, the Laws & Incentives website is a valuable resource for basic information regarding new or expiring state and federal tax credits.

As new trends and issues emerge from legislation, policy bulletins are posted to the AFDC Technology and Policy Bulletins page at You may submit new or updated state laws and incentives, and suggestions for policy bulletin topics, by emailing the TRS directly at


Clean Cities Technical Response Service Team

Tax Extenders Legislation Clears Congress: Key Tax Credits Reinstated Through 2014

December 18, 2014 by Clean Cities


On Tuesday night, December 16, the Senate approved legislation sent from the House that extends the life of a number of tax breaks through tax year 2014. Included in the package are a number of credits important to fleets, of which are outlined below.

Alternative Fuel Excise Tax Credit – $.50 per gallon alternative fuel tax credit for compressed natural gas and propane when used as a vehicle fuel.
Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit – Qualified biodiesel producers or blenders are eligible for an income tax credit of $1.00 per gallon of pure biodiesel or renewable diesel produced or used in the blending process.
Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit – A 30 percent credit for installing vehicle refueling property for alternative fuel, such as pumps for ethanol or liquefied natural gas.
Bonus Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), commonly referred to as Bonus Depreciation – allows extra depreciation to be taken for 50 percent of a truck’s purchase price, with an extra bonus depreciation deduction of up to $8,000 for automobiles, light trucks, vans, and SUVs.
President Obama is expected to sign the tax extenders legislation within days. As mentioned, the measure is only applicable to the 2014 tax year, which means the credits will not be renewed for tax year 2015 unless the new Congress takes the matter up again.

NAFA Fleet Management Association | 125 Village Boulevard, Suite 200 | Princeton, NJ 08540
609.720.0882 | |

back to top